• June 12, 2021

The Trenchant Reader

Nourriture Pour La Pensee

Kisaan Andolan: Explained


Jan 28, 2021
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Picture Credit: India TV Photographer, Mrs. Bharti

Recent event of Indian farmers’ protest is an

ongoing one, but this time it is against the the government itself. These

laws were passed by the Parliament of India in September 2020. Farmer unions

and their representatives have demanded that the laws be repealed and will not

accept anything short of it. More than ten rounds of talks have taken

place between the central government and farmers represented by the farm unions

between 14 October 2020 and 27 January 2021; all were inconclusive. There are 3

laws introduced by government of India in late 2020. These acts areas are:

1.   Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and

Facilitation) Act

2.   Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price

Assurance and Farm Services Act and

3.   Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act

The biggest allegation of

farmers about the new agricultural laws is that this will end the mandi system

and farmers will not be able to get the minimum support price (MSP-Minimum

Support Price) of the crops.

Farmers’ organizations also ordered that with

this law, large corporate companies will be captured in the fields and mandis

of the farmers.

While the government claims that the changes being brought in

agriculture will increase the income of farmers, they will get new

opportunities. Middlemen will end. Farmers also carry their goods outside the

market and sell them. Explain that PM Modi and Union Agriculture Minister

Narendra Singh Tomar are repeatedly telling farmers that the MSP and Mandi

system (APMC-Agricultural Produce Market Committee) will remain the same as

before. But the farmer organizations want the government to make a law about it.

Due to which, there was a round of meetings between the government and farmers

organizations for the last several days, but all failed. Now on December 9,

Kendra Sarkara has again called the farmers for talks.

Hence, as of 28 January 2021, the farmers’ demands include: 

1.   Convene a special Parliament session to repeal the farm laws

2.   Make minimum support price (MSP) and state procurement of crops a legal right.

3.   Assurances that conventional procurement system will remain

4.   Implement Swaminathan Panel Report and peg MSP at least 50% more than weighted average cost of production

5.   Cut diesel prices for agricultural use by 50%

6.   Repeal of Commission on Air Quality Management in NCR and the adjoining Ordinance 2020 and removal of punishment and fine for stubble burning

7.   Release of farmers arrested for burning paddy stubble in Punjab

8.   Abolishing the Electricity Ordinance 2020

9.   Centre should not interfere in state subjects, decentralization in practice.

10. Withdrawal of all cases against and release of farmer leaders

After all this chaos, us as people and common man/ woman. All we can do is relax amidst such chaos and hope all come out well on the other side.


Pic Credit: Mr. Unney, The Times Of India


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