Recent event of Indian farmers’ protest is an
ongoing one, but this time it is against the the government itself. These
laws were passed by the Parliament of India in September 2020. Farmer unions
and their representatives have demanded that the laws be repealed and will not
accept anything short of it. More than ten rounds of talks have taken
place between the central government and farmers represented by the farm unions
between 14 October 2020 and 27 January 2021; all were inconclusive. There are 3
laws introduced by government of India in late 2020. These acts areas are:
1. Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and
2. Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price
Assurance and Farm Services Act and
3. Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act
The biggest allegation of
farmers about the new agricultural laws is that this will end the mandi system
and farmers will not be able to get the minimum support price (MSP-Minimum
Support Price) of the crops.
Farmers’ organizations also ordered that with
this law, large corporate companies will be captured in the fields and mandis
of the farmers.
While the government claims that the changes being brought in
agriculture will increase the income of farmers, they will get new
opportunities. Middlemen will end. Farmers also carry their goods outside the
market and sell them. Explain that PM Modi and Union Agriculture Minister
Narendra Singh Tomar are repeatedly telling farmers that the MSP and Mandi
system (APMC-Agricultural Produce Market Committee) will remain the same as
before. But the farmer organizations want the government to make a law about it.
Due to which, there was a round of meetings between the government and farmers
organizations for the last several days, but all failed. Now on December 9,
Kendra Sarkara has again called the farmers for talks.
Hence, as of 28 January 2021, the farmers’ demands include:
1. Convene a special Parliament session to repeal the farm laws
2. Make minimum support price (MSP) and state procurement of crops a legal right.
3. Assurances that conventional procurement system will remain
4. Implement Swaminathan Panel Report and peg MSP at least 50% more than weighted average cost of production
5. Cut diesel prices for agricultural use by 50%
6. Repeal of Commission on Air Quality Management in NCR and the adjoining Ordinance 2020 and removal of punishment and fine for stubble burning
7. Release of farmers arrested for burning paddy stubble in Punjab
8. Abolishing the Electricity Ordinance 2020
9. Centre should not interfere in state subjects, decentralization in practice.
10. Withdrawal of all cases against and release of farmer leaders
After all this chaos, us as people and common man/ woman. All we can do is relax amidst such chaos and hope all come out well on the other side.